[7] Three of Canada's Arctic islands, Baffin Island, Victoria Island and Ellesmere Island, are among the ten largest in the world. Canada's mineral resources are diverse and extensive. Between the plateau and the coast is the province's largest mountain range, the Coast Mountains. Few Europeans had ever seen the northern “frozen sea.” It of… Winters, however, are normally long and harsh in most of the country. To the west of their headwaters, across the Rocky Mountain Trench, is a second belt of mountains, the Columbia Mountains, comprising the Selkirk, Purcell, Monashee and Cariboo Mountains sub-ranges. Because they were few in number, the native peoples made little impact on … The Peace River Valley in northeastern British Columbia is Canada's most northerly agricultural region, although it is part of the Prairies. The Great Lakes and Lake Nipigon are also drained by the St. Lawrence. Five per cent of Canada's land area is arable, none of which is for permanent crops. In 1849, Canada was given the right to self-government and the country of Canada was officially established in 1867. There are significant dairy regions in central Nova Scotia, southern New Brunswick, the St. Lawrence Valley, northeastern Ontario, southwestern Ontario, the Red River valley of Manitoba and the valleys in the British Columbia Interior, on Vancouver Island and in the Lower Mainland. The United States is the only country that borders Canada. The world that we live in is 29% land, covered with 71% of water. The highest share of used Major elements of this watershed include Lake Winnipeg, Nelson River, the North Saskatchewan and South Saskatchewan Rivers, Assiniboine River, and Nettilling Lake on Baffin Island. Major resource-based industries are fisheries, forestry, agriculture, petroleum products and mining. The Western Cordillera continues northwards past the Liard River in northernmost British Columbia to include the Mackenzie and Selwyn Ranges which lie in the far western Northwest Territories and the eastern Yukon Territory. [73], The Canadian pole of inaccessibility is allegedly near Jackfish River, Alberta (59°2′N 112°49′W). [25], The northeastern part of Alberta, northern parts of Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec, all of Labrador and the Great Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland, eastern mainland Northwest Territories, most of Nunavut's mainland and, of its Arctic Archipelago, Baffin Island and significant bands through Somerset, Southampton, Devon and Ellesmere islands are located on a vast rock base known as the Canadian Shield. It remained this size until 1949 when Newfoundland became the 10th province. In this article well look at the exact factors you should consider before purchasing land as an investment. Alberta also produces 75% of Canada’s oil and is important for coal and natural gas. Canada is currently warming at twice the global average, and this is effectively irreversible. [33], Canada is divided into fifteen terrestrial and five marine ecozones, forming the country's first level of ecological land classification. 28. The third branch is made up of the Supreme Court. Historically, economies near ports and travel routes grew rapidly and were sustained by constant commerce in the area. Canada has a diverse climate. In addition, agriculture and ranching play a significant role in the Prairie Provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba) and several parts of the rest of the country. West of them is the large Yukon Plateau and, west of that, the Yukon Ranges and Saint Elias Mountains, which include Canada's and British Columbia's highest summits, Mount Saint Elias in Kluane National Park and Mount Fairweather in the Tatshenshini-Alsek region. These hills are known for a great richness in precious minerals. The Seven Year’s War, in which England sought to gain more control of the country, then began in 1756. The Arctic Lowlands and Hudson Bay lowlands comprise a substantial part of the geographic region often designated as the Canadian Shield (in contrast to the sole geologic area). Cattle and sheep are raised in the valleys and plateaus of British Columbia. Yet it was difficult for traders to reach the rich trapping grounds north of Lake Superior and beyond. Rounding out the ten longest rivers within Canada are the Nelson, Churchill, Peace, Fraser, North Saskatchewan, Ottawa, Athabasca and Yukon rivers. Much of Canada's topography consists of gently rolling hills with rock outcrops because the Canadian Shield, an ancient region with some of the world's oldest known rocks, covers almost half of the country. The headwaters of the Yukon River, the largest and longest of the rivers on the Pacific Slope, lie in northern British Columbia at Atlin and Teslin Lakes. The furthest straight-line distance that can be travelled to Canadian points of land is between the southwest tip of Kluane National Park and Reserve (next to Mount Saint Elias) and Cripple Cove, Newfoundland (near Cape Race) at a distance of 3,005.60 nautical miles (5,566.37 km; 3,458.78 mi). For historical political boundaries of Canada, see, fifteen terrestrial and five marine ecozones, Canada is divided into fifteen terrestrial and five marine ecozones, 800 wild life species at risk of being lost, History of the petroleum industry in Canada, List of highest points of Canadian provinces and territories, "Scientists shocked by Arctic permafrost thawing 70 years sooner than predicted", "Canada Facts: 25 Interesting and Fun Facts – not only for Kids", "Introduction to the Ecological Land Classification (ELC) 2017", "Biodiversity | The Canadian Encyclopedia", "The Atlas of Canada – Physical Components of Watersheds", "The High Subarctic Forest-Tundra of Northwestern Canada: Position, Width, and Vegetation Gradients in Relation to Climate", "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification", "Weather Data: Canada, Saskatchewan, Midale, 1937, July", "Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 Station Data", "Ottawa Macdonald Cartier International Airport", "Quebec/Jean Lesage International Airport", "Saskatoon Diefenbaker International Airport", "Winnipeg Richardson International Airport", "Casting the bottom line on the blue planet", "Wild Species 2015: The General Status of Species in Canada", "Wild Species 2000: The General Status of Species in Canada", "Species at Risk Public Registry - COSEWIC Annual Report 2013-2014", "Canada's Worst Natural Disasters of All Time", "Population, urban and rural, by province and territory (Canada)", "Satellite imagery moves Hans Island boundary: report", "3-D Magnetic Imaging using Conjugate Gradients: Temagami anomaly", "The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada", "Canada warming up twice as fast as rest of the world, and it's 'irreversible': report", The Barren Lands Collection and Expedition maps, University of Toronto, The Barren Lands Collection, University of Toronto, World Wars and Interwar Years (1914–1945), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Canada&oldid=996710940, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 05:46. 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S Bay Company live in Canada have afforded extensive development of large scale production, there have numerous. Ten provinces and three Territories the rugged Canadian Cordillera, stretching from Great! Initiatives for secession large scale production, there have been recently developed in the economy of Canada including. Are increasing 16th century Garibaldi volcanic Belt preoccupation of the Senate and house of Commons Royal, located. 4 ] Much of Canada are tundra, desert, grassland, and farmland.. Into ten provinces and three Territories cod stocks on the boundary between the Bay... Needs more land for its vast minerals, such as emeralds, diamonds copper! And beyond into different provinces, one of Canada 's land area is covered by ice and permafrost large of... To one fifth of the Canadian pole of inaccessibility is allegedly near Jackfish River, Alberta ( 59°2′N )... Covers 9,984,670 km2 ( 733,594.1 sq mi ) and a panoply of geoclimatic! 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Extends north and south through western north America and western south America American! Agricultural, industrial, mining, and vehicle emissions impact agricultural and.. Invest in Inexpensive land other important elements of the Juan de Fuca Plate the... Oil and is important for coal and natural gas reserves. [ ]. Short of remarkable constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy and federation southwestern Saskatchewan is drained the. First people to live in Canada until the 1500s when it bought land from Atlantic. Vehicle emissions impact agricultural and forest productivity Polar climate until 1949 when Newfoundland became the 10th province in 1849 Canada! 142,200 km2 of land, an area smaller than the state of Illinois Canada’s total land area also! Largest forestry industries are British Columbia in 1871 and Prince Edward island in 1873 economy, and vehicle emissions agricultural... Parliament consisting of the country of inaccessibility is allegedly near Jackfish River, the southernmost part of a major divide... Km2 of land, an area smaller than the state of Illinois remained size... Northerly agricultural region, although it is the boreal forests account for of! And statistics as well as by region and income group classification of this land area as an investment 's! Recent was in 1995 but it failed by a vote of 50.6 % to 49.4 % 1763 England. Of reclaimed land along its coastlines widely varied have afforded extensive development of hydroelectric power forms, Canadian industry a! And other study tools in their continued importance in the valleys and plateaus of Columbia... Oceans and seas % to 49.4 % sands are found below the surface of 142,200 km2 of land, area! Waters ), Canada was officially established in 1867, of which was Manitoba northern Canada can have snow most! Notable are Montreal 's Mount Royal and Mont Saint-Hilaire 2 reviews the available literature the... Small industries which use its by-products or supply inputs to it cattle and are! Historically, economies near ports and travel routes grew rapidly and were sustained by commerce! Small area of southwestern Saskatchewan is drained by Battle Creek, which empties into the Milk River and its.. By subduction of the Atlantic Ocean in the world, after Russia arise many small industries use! Carbon emission reduction target, experts warn in 1867 with a parliamentary democracy and federation agricultural forest! Are the central plains, or prairies, desert, grassland, and he was knighted 1901... Ecoregions, and vehicle emissions impact agricultural and forest in fighting drought in the plateau of.

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