Processing of certain "special" categories of personal data – such as personal data that reveals a person's racial or ethnic origin, or concerns their health or sexual orientation – is subject to more stringent rules than the processing of "ordinary" personal data. These are listed under Article 9 of the GDPR as “special categories” of personal data. We will go over what “personal data” is according to the GDPR. In its most basic definition, sensitive data is a specific set of “special categories” that must be treated with extra security. Under the Data Protection Directive, the processing of special categories of personal data (data revealing health, racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, trade union membership, etc.) Art. Of course, you don’t have to work with consent in general. Special data under the GDPR vs sensitive data under the DPD. In some jurisdictions, this type of personal data may be described as sensitive personal data. The “special categories of personal data” are treated distinctively mainly to protect individuals from discrimination (recital 71). These categories … Special Categories of Data Policy Our privacy policy gives you information on how we collect and process your personal data and how and why we may disclose that personal information to third party service providers and insurance partners. A term describing a sub-category of personal data that requires heightened data protection measures due to its sensitive and personal nature. Processing of special categories of personal data 1. Art. 13. 12-23) Rights of the data subject. Notice that how to process and store data depends on the type of personal data. Its special handling is outlined in Article 9. Explicit consent matters regarding the even higher levels of control and data protection a data subject has in the case of special categories of personal data and special types/circumstances of personal data processing. Religious or philosophical beliefs. The ICO admits that this therefore means “biometric data will be special category data in the vast majority of cases”. Unlawful use of the BSN entails privacy risks, such as abuse of personal data and identity fraud. Special category is personal data which is deemed more ‘sensitive”. 11 GDPR – Processing which does not require identification ; Chapter 3 (Art. Here you can find information about the 3 categories of personal data; general personal data, sensitive personal data and details of criminal offences. Processing of special categories of personal data. Special categories’ of personal data include: Racial or ethnic origin; Political opinions; Religious and philosophical beliefs; Trade union membership; Genetic data; Biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person; and; Sex life/sexual orientation. Article 9 EU GDPR Processing of special categories of personal data. Chapter 3 (Art. The special categories are: Personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin. Sensitive personal data. Art. The GDPR protects personal data related to health to a higher standard, since it is one of the special categories of data. The misuse of this data is likely to interfere with an individual’s fundamental rights and freedoms and could cause real harm and damage,” explains Hulme. Processing of special categories of data is prohibited, unless a specific legal exception applies. Biometric data is personal data, however, it is only classified as special category data where you use it to uniquely identify a natural person. Sensitive data, or, as the GDPR calls it, ‘special categories of personal data’ is a category of personal data that is especially protected and in general, cannot be processed. This data requires extra protection and/or heightened security measures. Art. special categories of data or personal data relating to criminal convictions and offences is processed on a large scale (e.g. With regard to special data, the changes appear, at first glance, to be minor. Article 9 - Processing of special categories of personal data - EU General Data Protection Regulation (EU-GDPR), Easy readable text of EU GDPR with many hyperlinks. This includes information pertaining to: Racial or ethnic origin; Political opinions; Religious or philosophical beliefs; Trade union membership; Genetic data; and; Biometric data (where processed to uniquely identify someone). 11 Special categories of personal data etc: supplementary U.K. (1) For the purposes of Article 9(2)(h) of the GDPR (processing for health or social care purposes etc), the circumstances in which the processing of personal data is carried out subject to the conditions and safeguards referred to in Article 9(3) of the GDPR (obligation of secrecy) include circumstances in which it is carried out— Special Category Data (Article 9): “…processing of personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, or trade union membership, and the processing of genetic data, biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person, data concerning health or data concerning a natural person’s sex life or sexual orientation…” under the control of official authority or when authorised by Manx law or Union law applied to Island. Under special categories of personal data, but these are considered to be sensitive and can only be processed under specific circumstances. Sensitive personal data is also covered in GDPR as special categories of personal data. Personal data relating to GDPR does not cover: Information about someone who is dead. If your organisation needs to hold or process special category personal data of your customers, the ICO says that your organisation must retain only the minimum amount of special category data, should be able to justify why it needs the data, and should include information about categories of data in privacy notices to customers. fingerprints, DNA, or information such as “the son of the doctor living at 11 Belleville St. in Montpellier does not perform well at school”). Transparent information, communication and modalities for the exercise of the rights of the data subject. His name is considered personal data, however his ethnic origin is considered to be a special category of personal data which warrants a higher level of security. 10 GDPR – Processing of personal data relating to criminal convictions and offences; Art. Again, there are other conditions for the lawfulness of processing personal data. Certain types of sensitive personal data are subject to additional protection under the GDPR. It is expected that the processing of the BSN will be bound to the same strict rules under the Dutch implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation (applicable law from 25 May 2018 onwards). Special Categories of Data Policy. Unfortunately, Brussels has not provided a clear overview of the 99 articles and 173 recitals. Properly anonymised data. Political opinions. Processing which does not require identification . 9 GDPR – Processing of special categories of personal data; Art. “Special category data is the most sensitive personal data a controller can process. 10. 'Personal data’ means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person. Special categories of Personal Data in GDPR. Trade union membership. A key step in effectively protecting the information you hold is to know what special categories of personal data you hold. Art. The EU general data protection regulation 2016/679 (GDPR) will take effect on 25 May 2018. Under the current Data Protection Directive, personal data is information pertaining to. Processing of personal data relating to criminal convictions and offences. health data) Note: Data Protection Authorities may also consider other categories of data processing as high risk. Know your personal data. Is about people acting as sole traders, partners, employees and company directors if they are individually identifiable. Any processing of such personal data, can only be carried out in accordance with Article 10, i.e. 11. We’ve explained more about personal data and the circumstances where it applies to the GDPR in our earlier blog, so we’ll turn our focus now to sensitive personal data. 5. Art. Personal data relating to criminal convictions and offences is not classed as "special category data" but is separately defined in Article 10 of the Applied GDPR. 12. is prohibited unless there is a specific legal ground to process such data. We process special category personal data to: To respond to the COVID-19 emergency, efficacy of the App and services that users interact with. Their processing might also lead to physical, material or non-material damage, including identity theft, fraud, harm to one’s reputation or breach of professional secrecy (recital 75). Sensitive personal data is a specific set of “special categories” that must be treated with extra security. 12 – 23) Rights of the data subject. When special category data is processed it must be identified under Article 6. To understand, learn and manage. Controllers or data owners typically must satisfy certain requirements before processing special categories of data, such as obtaining data subject consent. Special categories of personal data. Categories of (sensitive) Personal Data under the GDPR The entire General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) revolves around the protection of personal data, how personal data can be used and so forth. GDPR defines special categories of personal data (sensitive data) that should be protected with additional means, and should not be collected without explicit consent, good reason or a few other exceptions. Personal data are any anonymous data that can be double checked to identify a specific individual (e.g. This infographic published by the European Commission offers an overview of the General Data Protection Regulation, including what information constitutes personal data, the reason for the change, companies’ obligations and the cost of non-compliance. Article 9. The GDPR refers to sensitive personal data as “special categories of personal data” (see Article 9 of the GDPR). The Rights of the BSN entails privacy risks, such as abuse of personal data ; Art health to higher. Anonymous data that requires heightened data protection regulation 2016/679 ( GDPR ) will take effect 25. It is one of the Rights of the GDPR refers to sensitive personal data ” see. Data a controller can process data in the vast majority of cases.. Processed it must be identified under Article 9 of the GDPR ) will take effect 25. These are listed under Article 9 of the data subject applied to Island under. 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