New Jersey also had a weak colonial government, which could not control its split society. New jersey was a colony that held no particular religion, yet mainly the people consisted of the Catholic and Protestant. Most sermons were held by a group of people wanting to worship due to lack of funding to purchase a real church. It wasn't until 1738 that the New Jersey Colony separated from New York's government and adopted its own governor Lewis Morris. The history facts provides the names of important people associated with the founding and establishment of the New Jersey Colony. 601 Route 530, Whiting, New Jersey, 08759 Phone: 800.453.7942 | Local: 732.350.1187. The New Jersey Colony was one of the Middle Colonies which also included the New York Colony, the Delaware Colony, and the Pennsylvania Colony. Major towns in the New Jersey Colony included Princeton and Trenton. The New Jersey area claimed by the English, French, and Dutch was on the basis of explorations from 1524 to 1623 by John Cabot, Henry Hudson, Giovanni da Verrazano, and Cornelius Mey. The mid-A… The New Jersey Colony was classified as one of the Middle Colonies. New Jersey was an important state during the Revolutionary War because of its location near the center of the thirteen colonies and between New York City and Philadelphia. The New Jersey Colony was founded by Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley in 1664. New Jersey is referred to as the "Crossroads of the Revolution" because the British and Continental armies fought several crucial battles there. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. They also exported large chunks of iron to be manufactured into iron products elsewhere. The land in New Jersey has been excellent for farming because of the fertile soil. New Jersey granted as a separate province and colony 1738 the province continued under the ,Governors of New York; but in that year an application made as early as 1728 for a separation from New York was granted, and Lewis Morris was appointed royal governor of the province, New Jersey. Settlers to the New Jersey Colony included Catholics, Jews, Lutherans, and Quakers. They used it to manufacture items to export to England such as tools, kettles, nails, plows, and nails. New Jersey's settlement The settlement of New Jersey was a contest between the Dutch and the Swedes Jan 1, 1638. He sent a small English force to blockade the harbor at New Amsterdam. With Some Particulars Since and a Short View of Its Present State The Colony of New Jersey: A Primary Source History (Primary Source Library of the Thirteen Colonies and the Lost) [Library Binding] Miller, Jake: Amazon.com.tr The Middle Colonies had a warmer climate than the New England Colonies and had land that made agriculture and farming much easier. Its first governor was Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury, who proved to be corrupt. The New Jersey Colony was one of the colonies referred to as a 'breadbasket' colony because it grew so much wheat, which was ground into flour and exported to England. New Jersey was formed in colonial times because back then new jersey was once a colony and they never found out the real name for new jersey so they left it named new jersey. King Charles II had granted the lands between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers to the Duke. The border was never firmly established and often in dispute. The Colony of New Jersey This edition was published in 1974 by Watts in New York. New Jersey has everything from mountains to lowlands, to the coast along the Atlantic Ocean. After establishing the colony, Carteret and Berkeley sold land to new … Also, in 1664, there became an extremely high demand for slaves. The original 13 colonies were divided into three regions including the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Almost a century passed before colonization began with the arrival in 1609 of the English navigator Henry Hudson, who sent a party to explore Sandy Hook Bay. A Swedish colony is established A Swedish colony is established along the Delaware River, but it was taken over by the Dutch in … A few other settlements were made in the territory, but the settlement of Elizabethtown, in 1664, by persons from Long Island, is generally fixed upon as the era of colonization. The first College in the colony was Queens College, (now called “Rutgers”) was founded in 1766. This article provides a New Jersey Colony Fact File providing interesting facts and information at a glance in respect of: History of the Colonization of America and the original 13 Colonies, New Jersey Colony: The Establishment and Settlement of the 13 original colonies. New Jersey Colony - Colonial America - Facts - Colonists - New Jersey Colony Geography and Climate - New Jersey Colony History - Map - New Jersey Colony - Fast - Information - New Jersey Colony - Info - Religion - Geography - Natural resources - Raw Materials - Industry - New Jersey Colony - Kids - New Jersey Colony Facts - Children - Studies - New Jersey Colony - Social Studies Teaching resource - Social Studies - History - Teachers - Facts - Summary - Fast - Information - New Jersey Colony - Info - Kids - Children - Studies - Social Studies Teaching resource - Social Studies - History - Teachers - New Jersey Colony. The New Jersey Colony article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance via the fast Facts File about the New Jersey Colony including the date the colony were established, geography, history, the system of government, religion, trade and the economic activities in the New Jersey Colony. 54-58 Before the founding of New Jersey by the English, the Dutch, Finns, and Swedes set up small trading posts in the region. New Jersey colony Jan 1, 1630. The first settlements in New Jersey were made by the Dutch along the western bank of the Hudson, with one on the Delaware at Fort Nassau; but these settlements were insignificant, and the history of the colony properly begins with the occupation of the territory by the English. The New Jersey Colony was one of the Middle Colonies which also included the New York Colony, the Delaware Colony, and the Pennsylvania Colony. Located in the heart of the bustling … New Jersey is located on the northeastern Atlantic coastline. Like New York, the area was first colonized by Dutch settlers around 1613. The wheat was ground into flour in flour mills then shipped to England. In 1524 the Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to reach New Jersey. The colony was called New Netherland, and included parts of modern-day New York and New Jersey. New Jersey was often referred to as a breadbasket colony because it grew so many crops, especially wheat. They encouraged and tried to energize the idea of African slavery because as a new colony, they yearned to succeed in agriculture and commerce. Founding of the New Jersey ColonyWhen was the colony of New Jersey founded? However, when Carteret sold his half of New Jersey in 1674, the colony became divded into West Jersey and Easy Jersey. After Lord Cornbury was sent back to England, the New Jersey Colony was ruled by New York's governor. It was ruled thereafter as a royal colony. Finally, in 1702 the two halves were joined again as a royal colony, but the divisions still left their mark on the colony as a whole. The duke gave part of this vast amount of land to two friends who named their colony new jersey because of new york and new jersey belong to proprietors they were called proprietary colonies . 13 Colonies Map: 13 colonies names matching map game. Some of the first Europeans to set foot in New Jersey were sailors from the Dutch-owned ship Half Moon, commanded by English explorer Henry Hudson, in 1609. The general geography of the Middle Colonies had a mix of the New England and Southern features but had fertile soil and land that was suited to farming, Climate: The Middle Colonies had a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters that were suited to farming and agriculture, Religion: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews and others. The New Jersey Colony was founded in 1664 by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. New Jersey was home to many religious denominations with the Dutch Reformed Church being one of the largest. Prior to 1664 when it was surrendered to the English, the New Jersey Colony region had been ruled by Swedish and Dutch. Iron ore was important to the New Jersey Colony. Trenton was the major city in Colonial New Jersey. Office Hours: Sun–Sat, 8:00 am–5:00 pm Closed on Thanksgiving, Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Years Day, Good Friday and Easter. The proprietors in New Jersey were extremely aggressive. It was included in Middle Colonies. A typical New Jersey Colony farm included a barn, house, fields, and between 50 and 150 acres of land. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1964. We enjoy the land and the climate of this region very much! New Jersey's fertile soil, long growing season, location between the two easily navigable rivers and religious tolerance contributed to the colony's wealth and popularity. A typical farm was 50 to 150 acres consisting of a house, barn, yard and fields, In 1664 the British take control of New Jersey from the Dutch, In 1676 the New Jersey Colony is divided into East Jersey and West Jersey, In 1702 East and West Jersey combined into one colony, The Middle Colonies were the big food producing region that included corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. The first state constitution in New Jersey was adopted on July 2. The northern and southern American colonies had plenty of differences, but one thing they all pretty much had in common was ancestry. Other types of meat available included d eer (venison), s quirrel, o possum, r abbit, h are, e lk, b ear, m ountain goat, c oyote, f ox, r accoon, p orcupine, w easel, and b eaver. Directions Year Founded: 1664 by English colonists refer to article on Lords Proprietors, Geography: Mountains in the northeast, lowlands from Lake Ontario along the Canadian border. Charles II gave the region between New England and Maryland to his brother, the Duke of York (later King James II), which was renamed New York. In 1776 New Jersey declared itself an independent state and joined the colonial side in the Revolutionary War. The Dutch established New Netherland in what is now New … Named for the island of Jersey in the English Channel, its capital city is Trenton. Information and facts at a glance about the New Jersey Colony via this fast fact file. From 1664 to 1702 the New Jersey Colony was divided into East Jersey and West Jersey. New Jersey colonists also brought domestic animals from Europe such as beef, pork, mutton, and chicken. In 1702 the proprietors of the colony turned it back to the crown. Facts about Colonial New Jersey tell you about the history of New Jersey. In 1664, James, the Duke of York, received control of New Netherland. We live in the central lowlands, with the mountains to our west and the coast of the Atlantic Ocean to our east. Atlantic coastal plain. The History of the Colony of Nova Cæsaria, Or New Jersey: Containing, an Account of Its First Settlement, Progressive Improvements, the Original and Present Constitution, and Other Events to the Year 1721. “Lewis Morris” In The Governors of New Jersey, 1664-1974: Biographical Essays. New Jersey - New Jersey - History: Before the Europeans arrived, the Delaware (or Lenni Lenape) Indians had long occupied the region. Princeton is one of its most important settlements. The area of New Jersey had the fertile soil even though the geographical land was the combination of Southern area and New England. The first settlement in New Jersey was probably about the year 1620, at Bergen, a village a few miles west of New York. Peter Stuyvesant surrendered to the English without a fight. The king had partial rule over worship, yet this colony was very diverse in belief. The New Jersey Colony was originally named the Province of New Jersey, after the British island named Jersey. The New Jersey Colony was located in such a position that it saw a lot of action during the American Revolution. Soon thereafter James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had been loyal to him through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton. new jersey colony facts Stories of New Jersey are beautifully written tales that evocatively tell the history of New Jersey from the Lenni-Lenape Indians and Dutch colonists to the Mexican War. The New Jersey ColonyThe New Jersey Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. This colony was established in 1664. The Motivation for Founding the New Jersey Colony . The Province of New Jersey was one of the Middle Colonies of Colonial America and became New Jersey, a state of the United States in 1783. Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, the Carolinas and Georgia were all founded by Englishmen, settled by people of English descent and remained under English control throughout the colonial period. Five major battles were fought at Trenton, Princeton, Monmouth, Union and Springfield. New Jersey was founded in 1664 by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret; it became a Royal Colony in 1702. This could not be said of the middle colonies. New Jersey’s early colonial history is similar to New York’s. The colony had originally been settled by the Dutch as part of New Netherland, but came under British rule after the surrender of Fort Amsterdam in 1664, becoming a proprietary colony. Each had their own constitution. Eugene Sheridan, Trenton: New Jersey Historical Commission, 1982 (online publication), pp. The province had originally been settled by Europeans as part of New Netherland, but came under English rule after the surrender of Fort Amsterdam in 1664, becoming a proprietary colony. Edition Notes Bibliography: p. 75. In 1702 East Jersey and West Jersey became one royal colony. Colonial America. Fort Nassau, five miles from Camden, was built in 1623, but was deserted not long after. The Naming of the New Jersey ColonyNamed after the British island of Jersey, situated in the English Channel and part of the Channel Islands. Edited by Paul A. Stellhorn and Michael J. Birkner. Prior to 1664 when it was surrendered to the English, the … One of the original 13 colonies, New Jersey was an important battleground during the American Revolution. In the colony of New Jersey, being a slave was a very strenuous task. Edition Description. In New Jersey From Colony to State, 1609-1789 Richard P. McCormick. For additional facts and info refer to the Change from Colonies to States. Throughout the war hundreds of engagements occurred in New Jersey, more than in any other colony. The English then renamed the province after the Isle of Jersey in the English … New Jersey is also referred to as the Garden State. Iron ore was a particularly important natural resource, Major Industries: Exported agricultural products and natural resources including cattle, grain, rice, indigo (dye), wheat, Manufacturing: Manufactured iron ore products such as plows, tools, kettles, locks, nails and large blocks of iron which they exported to England, Original Name: The original name of the colony was the Province of New Jersey, later New Jersey. Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, textiles, furs and shipbuilding - refer to Colonial Times, Flax and hemp farms were established in the Middle Colonies furthering the textiles industry, The Colony became a state on December 18, 1787. New Jersey was founded because Carteret and Berkeley offered people land and religious freedom. The New Jersey Colony was not dominated by the Puritans like in the New England Colonies and had religious tolerance and freedom for its settlers. New Jersey, constituent state of the U.S. One of the original 13 states, it is bounded by New York to the north and northeast, the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south, and Delaware and Pennsylvania to the west. Major exports from the New Jersey Colony included livestock, rice, wheat, indigo, rice, grain and other agricultural products. The colony of New Jersey was eventually classified as the land between the Hudson and Delaware rivers, bordered to the west by the Appalachian Mountains. The New Jersey Colony was one of the Middle Colonies of Colonial America and became the U.S. state of New Jersey in 1776. The New Jersey Colony was classified as one of the Middle Colonies. That part of New Netherland was named New Jersey after the English Channel Island of Jersey. The New Jersey Colony The New Jersey Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. An easy, helpful educational resource for teachers, kids and children. The colony of New Jersey was founded by Dutch explorers who colonized the area, then in 1664 a fleet of ships under the control of Colonel Richards Nicolls defeated the Dutch, thus annexing the land for England, the English then became the dominant owners and leaders of the area. Traces the history of the ninth colony to be founded in America from the arrival of its first settlers to its ratification of the Constitution in 1787. Natural resources in the New Jersey Colony included agricultural land, forests (timber), iron ore, coal, and furs. 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