Japan’s Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) has attracted hundreds of thousands of workers over the past ten years, primarily from other Asian countries. The company has about 150 employees, of which over 60 percent are foreign nationals hailing from 11 countries. FY2018 "Japan internship program" landing page is now open! The contracts the trainees received were mostly unfair, and some companies even took the contracts away. 【Related】Shrinking Japan: Foreign workers counted on for Olympic, reconstruction projects, 【Related】Shrinking Japan: Asian interns carrying the weight of agriculture industry, 【Related】Shrinking Japan: High hurdles driving prospective foreign workers to other countries, Saudi women's rights activist sentenced to nearly 6 years, Ex-transport minister Yuichiro Hata becomes 1st Japanese lawmaker to die from COVID-19, Japan foreign minister to visit Africa, Latin America in January. The Japanese Industrial Training Program (ITP) and Technical Internship Program (TIP) aim at human resource development that contributes to industrial development in individual countries through the transfer of Japanese industrial and professional knowledge, skills and technical expertise by accepting many young and middle-aged workers from other countries into Japan. Of these, 34 are technical trainees. "We lived in horrible conditions, with five to six people packed in the same tiny room. However, under planned revisions to the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act, technical trainees will be able to apply for a "category 1" residence status for laborers with certain knowledge and experience. Several Japanese organizations and politicians have demanded the Technical Intern Training Program to be abolished, among them Solidarity Network with Migrants Japan (SMJ), the Japan Federation of Bar Associations (JFBA), as well as the current Minister for Defense, Tarō Kōno (LDP). Last June, Japan's Labor Ministry inspected 5,173 workplaces across the country. This, in turn, has created a vulnerable foreign workforce at risk for suffering myriad labor abuses. Observers say this is another sign that the technical intern program -- long criticized by rights groups at home and abroad as akin to slavery -- is seriously flawed. The Japan Times quoted a Kyodo News survey as saying that nearly a third of 1,240 municipalities across the country said they want more foreign workers to compensate their shrinking labor force. The government stresses that it will not make the same mistakes as with the technical trainee system that has been hit with criticism. In some cases, it has raised money for the academic fees of trainees who return to their home countries. Under revisions to Japan's immigration control law being debated in the Diet, technical intern trainees who have completed a three-year training course in 14 industries under consideration would be able to obtain a "special skills" status of residence and become regular workers. 2018.2.16 NEWS "Case Study" page has been released. Overseas Performing Artists /Entertainers (OPAs) 5. GIFU PREFECTURE/HIGASHIOSAKA, Osaka -- "I can't hold anything with my dominant hand any more. This revise d Act is to come into force on July 1, 2010. "We start to work at 7 in the early morning and only get off as late as 9 or 10 at night, with just one hour for lunch and supper. Then, the … War Nu had come to Japan under its Technical Intern Training Program or TITP, a long-established program designed to ease the country’s chronic labor … The trainees, before landing in Japan, have already paid large sums of money in broker fees, leaving many of them in debt. For her and her Chinese colleagues there, every day is like sitting in a hellish dungeon. Tian's factory is tiny with only a total of seven workers -- three Chinese, three Cambodians and one Japanese. They are not hired because they are cheap labor, says company president Terumasa Matsumoto. (Asahi Shimbun file photo) Government officials said they have uncovered secret cross-border agreements related to … She also prefers not to have her full name made public. AKAL is an approved “sending organization” in India under the TITP program that can hire, train and process visa’s for workers to work in Japan. All rights reserved. In 2014, the group opened a Japanese school. Officially, it claims to bring in interns from developing countries and help them acquire technical skills they can bring back to their homelands to contribute to local economic development. In the Technical Intern Training Program, foreign technical interns enter into an employment relationship with companies in Japan, and can learn skills that are difficult to acquire in their own countries. 5. "You know what, the boss even forbids us to go to the toilet within the first hour of our work.". With the help of the union, he got his injury recognized as a workplace accident, and underwent surgery, but even now, he can't bend the four fingers besides his thumb on his right hand. According to the program, Japanese businesses have to hire such foreign workers through either private or official middlemen. Under revisions to Japan's immigration control law being debated in the Diet, technical intern trainees who have completed a three-year training course in … I have learned very little here," she said, adding that they had to pay for training lessons when they first started the job. Become a Sending Organization NSDC will keep initiating processes to identify and onboard credible and competent organizations at … The stories of Tian and You are sad, shocking and alarming. The Japan International Training Cooperation Organization (JITCO), which is a public-interest foundation and authorized by the Cabinet office, supports technical intern training programs. 1. Tian is from Northwest China's Gansu province and, fearing retaliation from her revelations, prefers her full name not to be made public. Shipbuilding workers under the Foreign Shipbuilding Workers Acceptance Program (FSWAP) 8. Of those, 3,695 were found to be in breach of foreign labor standards, according to the Nikkei Asian Review. There's no difference between Japanese and foreigners.". Trainees under the Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) 6. At the same time, there are firms that have started to pay more attention to technical trainees' working conditions. As she spoke, the other technical trainees around the table smiled. In a system equivalent to modern-day slavery, many interns have escaped, though sometimes it meant breaking the law. A Vietnamese technical intern works in a greenhouse for tomatoes. We were prohibited from making any friends. The trainee was pressured to leave the company, but he refused. 2018.5.30 NEWS. Meanwhile, she neither receives annuity nor has been covered by any insurance policy whatsoever. The maximum period of time is 5 years, and the training is carried out based on a technical training plan. ILO/SKILLS-AP/JAPAN Technical Workshop and Study Programme on Skills Training in ... ILO/SKILLS-AP/JAPAN Technical Workshop and Study Programme on Skills Training in the Workplace. Japan's promise to help developing economies train their own skilled workers has been proved to be largely deceptive: In an island nation with its workforce rapidly aging, many Japanese companies have turned to the intern system for cheap foreign labor. To the greatest degree possible, the company has workers from the same country live together. 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The practice of malicious firms forcing trainees to work for long hours and low pay emerged as a social problem. Since the government wants foreign workers to do the work most Japanese refuse to take, it should guarantee that they receive the same pay as the Japanese do and allow no exploitation, he added. Unable to find work in China, Huang came to Japan as a technical trainee in December 2015, joining a company in central Japan that produced cardboard boxes. Though interns of the program coming to Japan are promised to be protected by Japan's labor laws and minimum wages, the Japanese employers have exploited such foreigners since they are not familiar with the legal rules, not to mention helplessness when it comes to availing themselves of the legal system in Japan to defend their rights. Also, as their visas usually tie them to a particular company, they cannot change jobs even when they feel bad about their bosses. Japan has a high rate of dependence on Asian countries for the supply of workers (for all intents and purposes immigrants) and this is expected to remain unchanged in the future. In 2018 the U.S. Department of State severely criticized the program in its annual report on human trafficking, saying that cases of forced labor were occurring within the TITP, and that it had "effectively become a guest-worker program. It has been pointed out that this would run counter to the aim of the TITP of trainees passing on skills to their own countries. ・The technical intern trainee has experience of engaging in the sam e kind of work in a foreign country as the work the trainee in tends to engage in while in Japan, or there are special circumstances necessitating th e technical intern trainee engage in th e technical intern training (only in cas es pertaining to supervising-organization-type technical intern training). Things are no better for You, one of Tian's Chinese co-workers in the factory who is from east China's Zhejiang province. "We are like prisoners," she said. The Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) was created to enhance the economic development of countries participating in the program through the generation of new employment opportunities. We couldn't go outside the factory alone. It was reasoned that any violations could greatly damage the company's brand image, even if they occurred at a company operating under a manufacturing license. The program has been plagued with problems, from workplace accidents to unfair dismissal, power harassment and the disappearance of interns. Yet they only represent two of tens of thousands of other Chinese trainees working in Japan on the intern program. This is achieved through the internship program (which can be anywhere from one year to a maximum of 5 years) and through On-the-Job Training (OJT). "In these times, the firm couldn't make do without foreign workers. Overseas sending organizations that send technical intern trainees to Japan require information about Japan’s Technical Intern Training Program, supervising organizations, and other such aspects of the program. At this moment, we have some information to convert your current Technical Intern Training Program visa or student visa to Specified Skilled Worker visa: If you are currently Technical Intern who have stayed in Japan for more than 2 years and 10 months already with the visa, here is some information for you. Under the Technical Intern Training program which was introduced in 1993, interns from developing countries have been accepted by Japanese firms nominally to help them acquire job skills, but many cases have been reported of trainees being subjected to illegally long work hours and not being paid proper wages. Wacoal Holdings Corp., a maker of women's underwear, conducted a survey this year to find out if there were any violations of the human rights of technical trainees in the supply network handling the company's products. And these three men are not alone. Japan's Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) started in 1993 as a way to "transfer the nation's technology to developing countries." Japan based on an employment contract with such organization; the same shall apply hereinafter. An important, yet increasingly controversial, mechanism for recruiting migrant construction workers in Japan – and foreign labour for many other sectors – is the Technical Intern Training Programme (TITP). Trainees under the Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) 6. Japan will establish a foreign technical training entity sanctioned by … Most trainees come to Japan only to do the low-paying 3K (dangerous, dirty and difficult in the Japanese language) jobs, most of which the Japanese themselves would not want to do. Tokyo first introduced the program in 1993. Companies should step up to match the social situation," a public relations official for the firm said. TOKYO/BEIJING - Tian is a Chinese woman in her forties who dreamt of learning valuable skills and making real money in Japan. Asia-Pacific regional meeting and study programme on skills training in the workplace in Japan. Construction workers … "Everyone at work is kind and the work is fun," said 23-year-old Sushma Sigdel, who came to Japan from Nepal 2 1/2 years ago. (Japanese original by Tomohiro Katahira and Jun Kaneko, City News Department). “N3” is required in the second year) • Requirement of the technical intern training instructors (certified care worker, etc.) Yet despite such a heavy work load, her wages and overtime pay are a pittance, roughly half the amount Japanese workers are paid for doing similar work. I can't imagine the future," lamented 26-year-old technical trainee Huang Shihu. The program has been criticized as having drifted from its purported purpose of making an international contribution, and as having been used to compensate for a worker shortage. Intern's application for this year has closed. Housekeeper under Japan’s Program for National Strategic Special Zones (NSSZ) 4. According to media reports, as of last June, there are altogether 210,000 foreigners working in firms and farms across Japan as what Tokyo calls trainees. Japan’s Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) has attracted hundreds of thousands of workers over the past ten years , primarily from other Asian countries. That has invited a pervasive delay of payments, mistreatment and harassment, and abuses of their legitimate rights and interests have been rampant. Please view the main text area of the page by skipping the main menu. The Chinese national's eyes grew misty as he stared at his right hand. However, it began to devolve into a method to secure cheap labor, slipping through Japan's national policy of not accepting foreign laborers. Type: Workshop: When: 1 - 5 February 2010: Where: Chiba, Japan: Countries are finding it … The Japanese Ministry of Justice said recently that among these foreign workers, some 85,000 are Chinese. 2018.2.16 NEWS Even so, the Japanese government plans to further expand the trainee program as Japan's population continues to age and shrink. Application was closed. Japan. The objectives and purpose of the Technical Intern Training Program are to transfer skills, technologies, or knowledge (“Skills etc.”) accumulated in Japan to developing and other regions and to promote international cooperation by contributing to the development of human resources who can play roles in the economic development of those developing regions. We could only visit the supermarkets supervised by the Japanese foreman. There are 2 types of acceptance methods for foreign interns. Inside the workshop, her job is to process interior parts for vehicles. Construction workers … Shipbuilding workers under the Foreign Shipbuilding Workers Acceptance Program (FSWAP) 8. 2019.4.24 NEWS. The technical trainee program has been expanded to accept workers in 77 job categories, and as of June this year, the number of technical trainees totaled 285,776. In 2017, the top five sending countries for TITP trainees were Vietnam, China, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Thailand. Japan’s steadily declining native workforce has created a dependence on low-skilled foreign labor. Summers and winters were the hardest because two people shared only one electric fan in summer and we didn't have any heating devices in winter because the boss wouldn't allow them. Japan’s Immigration Problem 2 Another factor in this area is the importance of building and maintaining good relations with Asian countries. With the lifting of the ban on foreign laborers, "technical trainees may come to fulfill the original aims of the program," one hopeful Justice Ministry official said. Overwork is just a daily routine.". Lu Pengren, a Chinese living in Japan who has many trainee friends from China, told Xinhua that many trainees were maliciously placed under surveillance cameras, both at work and in their dorms. Japan rolled out the Technical Intern Training Program in 1993 with the aim of transferring skills to developing countries. "We want trainees to return home with money, language skills, and opportunities," Matsumoto says. "We have to work unbearably long hours everyday," she told Xinhua. Japan’s Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) The Technical Intern Training program was introduced primarily to transfer skills and technologies developed in Japan throughout the other developing nations and to contribute to the development of human resources by promoting international cooperation with developing countries. We started receiving entry for interns. The measure to rectify the Technical Intern Training Program was approved in response to such calls. If Huang returned home, the 600,000 yen loan he had taken out to travel to Japan would go to waste. It was reported that in the first half of this year, 4,279 trainees disappeared from their places of employment. The key, however, lies in a deeper awareness of human rights among the companies and other parties that are accepting these workers. Trainees under the Technical Intern Training Program (Care Worker) 7. JITCO also cooperates with governmental contacts for the countries sending trainees in order to run the program properly. The Sending Organization will act as an intermediary with Supervising Organizations for candidates who wish to undertake Technical Intern Training in Japan. The page may not be displayed properly if the JavaScript is deactivated on your browser. Local news outlet The Japan Times said in a report in October last year that a record 5,803 foreign trainees went missing in 2015 while working in Japan, adding that among them 3,116 were Chinese, followed by 1,705 from Vietnam, 336 from Myanmar, 250 from Indonesia and 102 from Nepal. Trainees under the Technical Intern Training Program (Care Worker) 7. 2018.4.2 NEWS. Housekeeper under Japan’s Program for National Strategic Special Zones (NSSZ) 4. JITCO and the sending countries discuss matters relating to the program and sign … The practice was formalized as the technical intern program in 1993. But while doing cardboard pasting work in July 2016, his right hand got caught in a machine, and was severely injured. light of the Industrial Training and Technical Internship Programs, and the new residence status of “Technical Intern” was created. "Our workforce is shrinking ... We cannot grow rice or build the roads all by ourselves. We were even denied access to electric blankets," Chen told Xinhua. When we met Chinese on the way, we were even not allowed to greet them," recalled Chen, sobbing. Therefore, we need foreign friends to help us," said Inotoru, a lawyer in the northern Japanese city of Sapporo. This has sparked severe concerns that many may have remained in Japan to make a living as black market laborers. An official at a supervisory group said there is a belief among supervisory groups and companies in Japan that the Technical Intern Training Program is a way to "get trainees at low cost." It rented out a three-story apartment as the women's dorm. Technical Intern Training Program allows technical intern trainees to acquire and master the skills of the Japanese industries and professions under the employment relationship for a maximum period of 5 years. The Organization for Technical Intern Training, a legal entity with regulatory authority, was set up under the joint supervision of the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Health, Labor and Welfare. FY2018 Website is now open for application! Of trainees who return to their home countries without foreign workers also cooperates governmental. In the western Japan city of Sapporo, 4,279 trainees disappeared from their places of employment nationals hailing from countries. 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