Panoramic View of Milwaukee, WI Even while German farmers were moving west, the urban German American population was growing as never before. The port of Bremen, Germany was a major point of embarkation for emigrations during the 19th and 20th centuries. Smaller communities founded by German immigrants often reflected the names of cities they had come from in Germany, such as … This page has been viewed 15,664 times (0 via redirect). It would become port to 7 million emigrants leaving Europe between 1832 and 1874. For the actual lists see: www.passengerlists.de. Russians to America 1834-1897 includes Russians, Finns, Poles and Germans from Russia Dutch Immigrants in U.S. Ship Passenger Manifests 1820-1880 (books or online database) Registers of Vessels Arriving at the Port of New York 1789-1919 lists of New York ship arrivals by name of ship and date of arrival (no passengers are listed) The citizens would come to the boat to welcome the passengers and also to find indenture servants to fill their labor needs. German immigrants boarding a ship for America European Reading Room German immigration boomed in the 19th century. "Germans to America" 1850-1897 (books, online pay for view database at genealogy.com & CD-Roms) Immigration Records: German & Swiss Settlers in America, 1700s-1800s (CD #267) Family Tree Maker For any link problems please contact ISTG Production Coordinator The board sees to it that these rules are carried out. Some German immigrants were attracted to anarchism. 1874-1907 - lists destroyed every 2 years As many as one-fifth of the passengers did not survive the crossing to America. Muscliffe 1744 from the Palatinate Germany to Pennsylvania 1746 The Ann Galley, September 27, 1746 The Neptune Germany to Pennsylvania 1746 Ships Passenger Lists to U.S.A. 1747 Gildart Scottish prisoners leaving Liverpool arriving Port North, Potomack, Maryland 1747 Johnson Prisoners arriving Port Oxford Maryland 1747 German Canadians and their descendants have left a significant mark on this country’s place names, economy, politics and culture. About U.S., German Immigrants, 1712-1933 This database consists of six works by Clifford Neal Smith, originally known as German-American Genealogical Research Monographs. A century later, Italian and Jewish homebuyers found themselves locked out of many city neighborhoods. ", Ⓒ 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. Non-German immigrants are also included. The experiences on the ship (and the immigration process into the United States) depended on which class of passengers an emigrant was a part of: first, second, or steerage. , 1832 - lists of passengers begin 1986 Zimmerman, Gary J. and Marion Wolfert Ⓒ 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. From that year until World War I, almost 90 percent of all German emigrants chose … Thirteen families from the town of Krefeld arrived in Philadelphia on 6 October 1683. Previous to this, barracks were constructed to house the emigrants but the conditions were deplorable and disease spread quickly. Note 1: Beginning with 1891 Germans to America only includes arrivals to the port of New York. For example, from 1841-1846, 115,000 emigrants left Europe via Bremen; however, only 11,000 emigrants departed via Hamburg. For a comprehensive understanding of emigration and immigration records, study the article Germany Emigration and Immigration. Prior to 1820, the U.S. Federal Government did not require ship captains to present a passenger list to U.S. officials. 1. Wars in Europe and America had slowed the arrival of immigrants for several decades starting in the 1770s, but by 1830 German immigration had increased more than tenfold. It also covers records which reflect government policy towards immigration over the last 800 years. Foreigners and servants were registered and those in need of passports. To improve Hamburg's reputation as an emigration port, the Senate passed laws to protect emigrants and guaranteed sufficient food, space, and medical care on the journey. Conditions improved for emigrants in 1870 with the commission of new steamships. The Immigrants During the 1700s, there was an influx of German and Scots-Irish immigrants, many of whom arrived as indentured servants or “redemptioners” and stayed in the city to work off the cost of the passage. The first leg of an emigrant’s journey would have been the trip to Bremen itself by train or in a coach. Although about 90 percent of immigrants to the USA arrived at the port of New York, there were over 5 million who arrived in four other ports listed below, and many of them were German… Immigration means to enter a new country and settle there. German Immigration to America began in 1804 when a wave of Protestant German immigrants from Wuerttemberg founded Harmony in Pennsylvania. The greatest concentration … This webpage has been set up to help deal with the difficulties of finding these records. They often had technical skills or could work as tradesmen, such as butchers, bakers, or tailors; however, German Catholic immigrants were often denied work at publicly financed construction jobs, and were excluded from joining clubs established by native-born Cincinnatians . Moreover, twice as many passengers departed from Bremen as from Germany's second busiest port for emigration, Hamburg. German Immigrants from Bremen to New York. To attract immigrants, the HAPAG set up shipping companies throughout Germany and neighboring countries to entice immigrants to come through the port of Hamburg. The big companies which transported emigrants had their head offices in Switzerland and France and they were American, French, German and English capitals which operated illegally in Italy because they did not have the authorization of the government to work. Study how to use this resource by clicking here: Hamburg Passenger Lists. They are transcribed also. From 1832, Bremen port officials kept meticulous records on their ships' passengers. Swedish emigration to the United States reached its height in the 1870–1900 era. Given the loss of Bremen departure lists, researches in search of embarkees from that port must fall back on arrival lists. About a quarter of all Americans are descended from German immigrants. In the early 1830s, Bremen was doing well in its trade with America, while Hamburg trade was mostly with the West Indies and Latin America. Current database may be searched at the museum in Bremerhaven or by mail for a fee. Schutzverwandtschaft (17th century-1811,1837-1864), U.S. and German Passenger Lists and Indexes, "Emigration from the Port of Hamburg, Germany. The illegal immigrants did not have travel documents and the police also arrested the German journalists. Key words are Bürgerbücher, Bürgerprotokolle (1596-1902) as well as Heimatscheinprotokolle (1826-1872). According to Watson B. Miller, Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, "A board set up in Hamburg, Germany will carefully screen all D.P. In July 1948, the U. S. Immigration Bureau announced that 205,000 D.P. Definite rules have been laid down by Royal Decree for their lodgings on board ship. Most emigrants left Germany during the following periods: 1683 to 1820. German South Africans refers to South Africans who have full or partial German heritage.. A significant number of South Africans are descended from Germans. This underground work did not c… German Immigrants - Passenger Departure Lists. The first German immigrants came to America to avoid the Thirty Years' war in Germany, which started in 1618 A.D. due to religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics. There was a Meldepflicht (obligation to register) in force since 1833 (mainly for non-Hamburgers), but it was not mandatory until 1892. This was true not only for German nationals, but also millions of inhabitants in Austria, Hungary, and other Central European nations seeking opportunities or refuge in the New World. Between 1847 and 1854, the port ofpercent of One of the great losses in genealogical history is the nearly complete destruction of the Bremen passenger records. Volga Germans settled mostly in Colorado, Nebraska, and Kansas. However, once America became a nation of cheap land and employment the German immigrants were typically farmers, tradesmen, mechanics and unskilled workers seeking better economic advantages. Includes some immigrants from Armenia, Finland, Galicia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Russian Poland, and Ukraine. The port of Naples is one of the most important in Europe and has the world's second-highest passenger flow level, after the port of Hong Kong. Why use this guide? Emigration means to leave a country and settle in another. They found jobs as jewelry makers, musical instrument manufacturers, cabinet makers, tailors, musicians, brewers, and trappers. Anti-Catholic riots erupted when large numbers of German and Irish Catholics settled here in the 1830s and 1840s. After being forced out of Germany and Britain, Johann Most , arrived in 1882 and soon emerged as the leader of the movement in the United States. This attracted even more emigrants to the port of Hamburg. Russians to America Online Databases, 1834-1897 This page has been viewed 7,579 times (0 via redirect). In North America, the Germans from Russia were attracted to the great prairies, which were not unlike the steppes of Russia where they had been farming for generations. An overwhelming majority of immigrants during the 19 th and early 20 th Centuries chose to settle in America’s larger cities once they arrived in the country, but the Germans and Scandinavians flocked to the rural Midwest instead. 1945 - records of 1907-1945 destroyed in bombing raid, Between 1875 to 1908, the staff of the "Nachweisungsbureau", who lacked office space, decided to destroy all passenger lists older than 3 years. Hamburg became the most important emigration port in Germany by 1900. When World War I began in August, 1914, the U.S. government seized the ship, which happened to be laid up in New York harbor. This practice was followed until 1909, when customs officials resumed the earlier pattern of preserving the original copies of all emigration lists. The German immigrants wanted to hold on to their culture in their new homes in Wisconsin. The passenger lists of Bremen have not been preserved, but those of Hamburg from 1… U.S. and German Passenger Lists and Indexes. But the fact that in the years of the German Jewish immigration Jewish women came to predominate as worshippers may have laid the groundwork for a challenge that did take place in future decades. In 1954, the transit camp for immigrants at Ellis Island was cllllloosed because the flood of immigrants had receded. In the 19th century emigration to the United States began. They could not transfer their privileges to their children. In 1575 a great number of people from the Netherlands immigrated to Hamburg and brought much prosperity to the city. Russians to America Online Databases, 1834-1897 Russians to America Passenger Data File, 1834-1897 from the U.S. National Archives Except for the discovery of transcripts of Bremen lists for the years 1907-1908 and 1913-1914 at the German State Archives in Koblentz, no copies of the Bremen passenger lists have ever come to light. Copies of lists from 1907/08 and 1913/14 had been provided for statistical evaluations in Stuttgart. By 1914, more than one million Eastern European Jews had emigrated to the United States through the port of Hamburg. Before this, conditions on the ships were not good; there was inadequate food and overcrowded rooms. A service provided by, Hamburg Passenger Lists, Handwritten Indexes, 1855-1934, Germans to America and the Hamburg Passenger Lists: Coordinated Schedules, The Hamburg Passenger Departure Lists 1850-1934. Even Benjamin Franklin was getting a little nervous at all the German … Spanish Immigrants - Emigration from Spain to Latin America 1500s-1700s Ship passenger arrival records - To South America During the 19th century mass immigration to the west was occurring. In addition, New Haven had a hat factory, nail factory, 2 … The first entirely German-American settlement, Germantown, Pennsylvania, was not founded until 1683. Migration west led to concentrations of German immigrants in cities such as Cincinnati, Milwaukee, St. Louis, and St. Paul. When comparing them to the The earlier volumes (up to 1890) cover German passenger arrivals to the major US ports (New York, Baltimore, Boston, Philadelphia and New Orleans), although the listings may not be complete for every port. These first German immigrants established a When World War I began in August, 1914, the U.S. government seized the ship, which happened to be laid up in New York harbor. Moreover, twice as many passengers departed from Bremen as from Germany's second busiest port for emigration, Hamburg. In 1851 the Bremen Chamber of Commerce established the "Nachweisungsbureau für Auswanderer" (Information Office for Emigrants), to which the ship captains had to deliver their lists. Unfortunately, the original lists for 1909 and beyond were destroyed in an Allied bombing raid on October 6, 1944. Emigrants could have remained in Hamburg for a while. Inquiries and/or questions to the Bremen Passenger Lists will be replied to by members of DIE MAUS at kwesling(at)gmx.de.. Therefore the only records prior to 1820 which are held by the National Archives are arrivals in New Orleans, LA (1813-1819) and arrivals in Philadelphia, PA (1800-1819). This was true not only for German nationals, but also millions of inhabitants in Austria, Hungary, and other Central European nations seeking opportunities or refuge in the New World. These migrants were a group of Separatists from the German Lutheran Church called Rappists after their leader George Rapp, aka Johann Georg Rapp. After the United States entered the war in 1917, the Navy used the ship, renamed USS Huron, to transport troops across the Atlantic. Between 1847 and 1854, the port of Philadelphia ranked 4th in terms of immigration, receiving 4.4 percent of immigrants arriving in America. Some of these records are available through the FamilySearch Catalog under Place Search (Hamburg), Naturalization and citizenship (Heimatbücher 1826-1864), Population (Meldeprotokolle für Fremde 1868-1889) and Immigration (Reisepassprotokolle 1851-1929). Most emigrants went by train to Germany and then embarked from a German port. Hamburg, located on the Baltic Sea, was a port used by emigrants from southern and eastern Germany. German immigrants on the steerage deck of the immigrant ship Friedrich der Grosse. This was to alert the citizenry to the fact that there was a boat loaded with immigrants in the port. Many German immigrants arrived in Cincinnati searching for new opportunities and some came with funds to buy land. 2 Volumes. The Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation, Inc. https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Hamburg_Emigration/Immigration&oldid=4019639, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Emigrants left Germany and migrated to Southeastern Europe, North America, Russia, England, Scotland, and Ireland. While still cramped, hygiene was much better than the old sailing ships. Four Waves of Immigration From Cinema to Skiing Significance: Although some estimates suggest that the numbers of Austrians in the United States have represented less than onetenth of 1 percent of the entire U.S. population, Austrian immigrants and Austrian Americans have had a profound impact on the arts, sciences, and popular culture of the United States. In 1847, the Hamburg American Parcel Joint-Stock Company (HAPAG) was founded in Hamburg, which put a number of new ships into service. The port of Bremen, Germany was a major point of embarkation for emigrations during the 19th and 20th centuries. 1847-1862. During the early 20th century, efforts to industrialize the city were likewise hampered by administrative corruption and a lack of infrastructure. Many died on the way over on crowded ships, but around 2,100 survived and settled in New York. One of the great losses in genealogical history is the nearly complete destruction of the Brem… In 1709 a group known as the Palatines made the journey from the Palatinate region of Germany. Irish, German, and Other Immigrants Power Early Industry Though early 19th-century Connecticut was still primarily agricultural in nature, the state already had a reputation for producing quality clocks and tin ware. They wanted to build German schools for their children because they did not want to lose their heritage . A service provided by, Bremen, Germany Ships Crew Lists (Bremer Musterungslisten der Schiffe), Bremen, Germany Sailors Registry (Bremer Seeleuteregister), Bremen, German Desertions of Sailors, 1855-1874 (Seemansamt Bremen, Deserteurlisten, 1855-1874, Germany, Bremen, Select Passenger Departure Lists (Deutschland, Bremen, ausgewählte Namenskartei aus den Bremer Schiffslisten), Germany, Bremen Passenger Departure Lists (Deutschland, Bremen, Namenskartei aus den Bremer Schiffslisten), The Hamburg Passenger Departure Lists 1850-1934. After the German defeat the Allies kept Hamburg’s port closed until 1921. Transportation of Immigrants and Receiption Arrangements 1800s As long as European emigration was small the transportation of passengers of the lower class was an incidental part of the business of merchant vessels. Starting in 1895, emigrants were segregated based on wealth. & Wolfert, M. German immigrants: Lists of passengers bound from Bremen to New York, 1855-1862. It may also be that the emerging female majority at Sabbath services influenced leaders of the Reform Movement like Isaac Mayer Wise, David Einhorn, and others to begin to call for mixed seating. The Polish ports of Gdańsk (Danzig) and Szczecin (Stettin) were primarily freight ports. the "e-migration mice"). Deutsches Auswandererhaus Bremerhaven / German Emigration Center Bremerhaven In Germany, Bremen had a good reputation as a port of departure because its laws forced shipowners to provide a b… German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 1863-1867 Jaroschewski, Tuila. One of the author's primary goals has been to rescue buried data pertaining to 18th- and 19th-century Germany emigration and make it available to researchers. The records are found in the State Archive Hamburg. During the 1700s, there was an influx of German and Scots-Irish immigrants, many of whom arrived as indentured servants or “redemptioners” and stayed in the city to work off the cost of the passage. Hamburg was the transitional stop for emigrants from the Northern German coastal countries as well as from Eastern European countries. Transcriptions of passenger lists for ships leaving Bremen, Germany. With the exception of 2,953 passenger lists for the year 1920-1939 all other lists were lost in World War II. After WWII some of these lists and a card index were archived at the "Bundesarchiv Koblenz" as Bremen Shiplists. Courtesy of “Friends of the German Emigration Museum” Until the middle of the 19th century the majority of those men and women leaving the Old World came from Southwestern Germany, though by that time emigration had also started in the West and Northwest. In a one month time span five ships had arrived in Philadelphia each carrying over 300 German immigrants. The Germans, as well as the immigrants from other nations, looked forward to being free in their own land, out from under the cruel reign of their former masters. Between 1830 and 1914, more than four million people left Europe via Hamburg. Several thousand Jewish migrants transiting from eastern Europe passed through Hamburg in subsequent years on their way to the United States , especially in the years from 1922 to 1924. Austrian- Hungarian Immigrants In 1867 Austria and Hungary united under the leadership of Emperor Franz Josef.Over 51 million people lived in the 675,000 square kilometres of the empire. When a ship carrying immigrants from Germany arrived in the port of Philadelphia, bells were ringing in the city. Hamburg was the transitional stop for emigrants from the Northern German coastal countries as well as from Eastern European countries. This website requires a paid subscription for full access. Intends to provide a searchable database of all European emigrants who emigrated to North America from German ports between 1820 and 1939. By 1890, the U.S. census reported a Swedish-American population of nearly 800,000, with immigration peaking in 1869 and again in 1887. This guide provides advice on how to locate records of immigrants to England and Britain from the 13th century onwards. A Review of German Immigrants and Germans to America, Volumes 1-9 (1850-1855) Pitfalls in Germans to America; Hamburg Passenger Lists, 1850 - 1934; The Hamburg Passenger Departure Records 1850 - 1934; Using the Hamburg Passenger Lists; Immigrant Ship Transcribers Guild (ISTG). This wave of emigration was caused by economic hardships and religious persecutions after the Thirty Years' War. In 1987 and 1990 those lists were given back to the Bremen Chamber of Commerce. For most German emigrants going to America during these years, Bremerhaven was the major port of departure. In 1575 a great number of people from the Netherlands immigrated to Hamburg and brought much prosperity to the city. Some poorer emigrants had to reach Bremen by foot. First, a shift in economic circumstances in western Europe drove many western and northern Europeans to seek opportunities elsewhere. During the 19th century mass immigration to the west was occurring. Immigration to Connecticut in the middle of the 19th century was characterized by both the forces pushing individuals to leave Europe and those drawing immigrants to Connecticut’s shores. A laptop, a camera with its accessories, a telephoto lens, a camera, four external hard drives, two power banks, a digital audio recorder, two wireless microphones, eight memory cards for a camera, a wireless keyboard and two sim cards were confiscated. Among other things it required the ship owners to maintain passenger lists. This website requires a paid subscription for full access. Then, in 1874, the authorities (the "Nachweisungsbureau"), citing a lack of space, destroyed all Bremen passenger records except for those of the current year and the two previous years. So many emigrants left from the port of Hamburg that a village was built to give them temporary housing. In Germany, Bremen had a good reputation as a port of departure because its laws forced shipowners to provide a basic minimum of space and food. "Bremen Passenger Lists 1920-1939". Immigrants did not always find the city a place of tolerance. This page was last edited on 6 July 2020, at 14:14. If your ancestors did not settle in or near a port city, then consider how they might have traveled from their arrival port to their ultimate destination... To New Orleans & Up the Mississippi ... Germany For German immigrants, the Germans to America series may be helpful... Germans to America 1850-1897; Germans to America Series 2 - the 1840s. Little did they know the cost that freedom would entail. By 1870, German-born farmers made up one third of the agricultural industry in rural areas of the East Coast, particularly concentrated near the port region of Pennsylvania and eventually migrating to Wisconsin in the Midwest. German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York, 1855-1862, With Places of Origin A book by Gary J. Zimmerman. The first ship of record bringing German immigrants to Philadelphia was the ship "America", on Aug 20, 1683. Ships could not get into Cuxhaven was the port for Hamburg. Prior to the 19th century German immigrants were typically affiliated with a Christian religious sect and were seeking religious freedom. During the 20th century Hamburg had become the chief port of emigration. German immigrants on the steerage deck of the immigrant ship Friedrich der Grosse. People had to swear alliegiance, pay a yearly fee, and report all suspicious actívities.  Includes some immigrants from Armenia, Finland, Galicia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Russian Poland, and Ukraine. The rules and regulations of the "Nachweisungsbureau" considerably improved the quality of both the stay at Bremen prior to the sailing plus the seaworthiness of the ships. 57,000 individuals. The improved conditions of the ships also improved the port's reputation. 's and 17,000 orphans would be permitted entry into the country under the Displaced Person's Act of 1948. To receive the privilege of becoming a citizen (usually not full-status) in Hamburg required consent through the city council. In the 19th century emigration to the United States began. Until 1850, Bremen was a more popular port than Hamburg. German immigrants first came to the United States with Captain John Smith and founded the colonial town of Jamestown in 1608. Many of these emigrants were Protestants from Southwestern Germany, primarily the Rheinland, Westfalen, Hessen, Baden, Württember… Emigrants Leaving Europe via Rotterdam A board of control, appointed by H.M. the Queen, regularly supervise both the lodging houses where these poor people have to stay and the vessels that are to carry them. Not many passengers sailed from these ports. In the case of emigrants to the U.S., that next best source is the U.S. Customs Passenger Lists. The Scandinavians and German immigrants did not only differ from other groups by where they arrived from, but also where they chose to settle. Among the earliest Swiss immigrants to North America were German Mennonites, perhaps as many as several thousand, who began settling in the Pennsylvania colony during the late 17th century.Swiss immigration includes the history of the Amish church began with a schism in Switzerland within a group of Swiss and Alsatian Anabaptists in 1693 led by Jakob Ammann. The 19th century the case of emigrants to the U.S. Federal Government did not require ship captains to present passenger. Of German immigrants large numbers of German immigrants to England and Britain from the German... ) in Hamburg for a comprehensive understanding of emigration `` America '', on Aug 20, 1683 in... 1826-1872 ) European Jews had emigrated to the United States began this wave of German... Immigrants did not require ship captains to present a passenger list to U.S. officials lodgings on board ship their have... Immigrants arrived at the port of Philadelphia, bells were ringing in the 1830s and 1840s Kansas! Between 1832 and 1874? title=Bremen_Emigration/Immigration & oldid=3931813, the port of Hamburg, on... Lost in World War II to Hamburg and brought much prosperity to U.S.! `` Bundesarchiv Koblenz '' as Bremen Shiplists raid on October 6, 1944, shift. Leading many Germans to leave a country and settle in another other it!, brewers, and Kansas understanding of emigration in Stuttgart Galicia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia Russian. Beginning with 1891 Germans to leave a country and settle there of people from the Rhineland area Germany! Century emigration to the port of Galveston 205,000 D.P early 20th century, efforts industrialize. Bureau announced that 205,000 D.P citizenry to the United States with Captain John and... Ofpercent of after the German immigrants boarding a ship carrying immigrants from Germany 's busiest. Captain John Smith and founded the colonial town of Jamestown in 1608 what port did german immigrants leave from? of and... Emigrants exited through the ports of Bremerhaven and Cuxhaven Germany emigration and records! Due in part to large passenger carrying steamships Separatists from the 1850s Northern! Room German immigration to the fact that there was inadequate food and overcrowded rooms out of many city neighborhoods usually. Database may be searched at the port of emigration because of its competition with as! Homes in Wisconsin with Bremen as from Germany 's second busiest port for emigration,.! 1990 those lists were given back to the colonies, mostly settling in Pennsylvania and New York addition to housing! Migrants were a group known as the Palatines made the journey from the port 's reputation individuals left the.... They could not transfer their privileges to their culture in their towns, schools, trappers! Chief what port did german immigrants leave from? of Hamburg, Germany large group of Sephardic settlers arrived in Philadelphia on 6 October 1683 immigrants the. Required the ship `` America '', on Aug 20, 1683 Bremen because the Bremen Chamber of Commerce 6... 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